American

Address: 1189 East Blvd.

Contact Info: Hawken Middle School 440-423-4446, ask for Anna Delia

Year Dedicated: 1935

Designer: Leadership: Anna Ochs, Monuments: Frank Jirouch

General Layout/Design: A uniquely shaped garden stretching from the southern intersection of East Blvd and the Irish Garden to the Syrian garden. Mostly hillsides, with a few flat spaces for plazas and smaller memorial gardens.

Statuary/Busts/Reliefs

Booker T Washington Bust (near flagpole)

    1. Birth date: 1880
    2. Death date: 1915
    3. He was an educator, author, and lecturer

Lincoln Pedestal, erected in memory of Peter Witt (in “Lincoln plaza” at southern tip of garden)

    1. Birth Date: 1869
    2. Death Date: 1946
    3. A Cleveland railway commissioner; designed a model of the streetcar, the “Peter Witt Streetcar” which became the most popular streetcar used in Cleveland and Toronto. In Cleveland he was devoted to public service and Emancipation.

Gettysburg Address Plaque (next to Lincoln pedestal in southern tip of garden)

    1. A bronze copy of the 200 word speech
    2. Delivered Thursday November 19, 1863 in Gettysburg PA
    3. It is one of the most influential speeches in history, delivered by President Lincoln

Bust of Mark Twain (in Twain monument plaza area)

    1. Samuel Clemens (1835-1910), better known as “Mark Twain”, is perhaps the most famous American contributor to literature. Books such as his works “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” and “A Yankee in King Arthur’s Court” are still enjoyed with a laugh today. Twain’s statue is displayed in the American Cultural Garden to be recognized for all he has done for the country and American Literature.

Pearl Harbor Memorial (in Twain monument plaza area)

    1. On December 7, 1941 the Imperial Japanese Navy used suicide bombers to launch a surprise attack on the U.S. Naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. This attack was the turning point that launched the United States into officially joining the ally forces of World War II.

Other attributes:

Since 2009, this garden has been cared for under the service of 7th grade students at Hawken School. Together with their teachers, students select committees to support the garden each year, including fundraising, landscaping, and community connections. During this time students have created a Mission Statement for the Garden, a Master Plan, construction plans for phases of the Master Plan, located the missing Mark Twain bust, renovated and restored the bust, and rededicated it to the garden. Students also host annual planting dates and a community picnic in the garden in the spring.